Training package


The provision of pain relief with routine husbandry practices is now an expectation, and producers need to consider the use of pain relief products in their animals, but also alternate husbandry procedures and management practices. 

This module outlines available products, their costs and when they are suitable to use, as well as best practice recommendations for specific husbandry practices, and considerations for alternatives to some current husbandry practices.

Additional resources and further reading are available in the Materials tab.

Learning objectives

At completion of this module, you will:

  • understand the animal welfare standards and guidelines for cattle castration
  • understand the differences between popular pain relief options
  • understand the differences between immediate and chronic pain in cattle
  • understand the differences between local anaesthetics and NSAIDs
  • be able to identify the best pain relief option to use for castration.

Fact Sheet: Pain relief in southern cattle

Fact Sheet: Pain relief

Further reading

Small, A, Fisher, A, Lee, C and Colditz, I (2020). Gap Evaluation of Pain Alleviation Research. Final Report to AWI.

Sutherland, M, Bright, A and Schütz, K (2019). Effect of a buccal meloxicam formulation on the behavioural response to ring castration of calves. Animal Production Science; 59: 564–569.

Olson, M, Ralston, B, Burwash, L, Matheson-Bird,H and Allan, N (2016). Efficacy of oral meloxicam suspension for prevention of pain and inflammation following band and surgical castration in calves. BMC Vet. Research; 12:102. DOI 10.1186/s12917-016-0735-3.

Lomax, S and Windsor, PA (2013). Topical anesthesia mitigates the pain of castration in beef calves. J Anim Sci; 91:4945-4952 

About Instructor

Meat & Livestock Australia

MLA’s purpose is to foster the long-term prosperity of the Australian red meat and livestock industry by investing in research and marketing activities. Through our subsidiary companies, we also accelerate innovation across the value chain and deliver the industry’s integrity and on-farm quality assurance programs.

18 Training packages

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Training package Includes

  • 6 Items
  • 5 Quizzes