Enterprise management and marketing skills are important to better manage price risk and protect the profit margin of lamb enterprises.

Encourage producers to develop marketing skills that enable them to establish sound enterprise planning and business relationships through marketing alliances with processors. Encourage them to develop the knowledge and skills required to negotiate forward contracts and use risk management tools to better manage market volatility.

Ongoing production and market surveillance is necessary to position a lamb enterprise for the present and future. A few key actions will help producers collect information to assist in making more informed decisions:

  • Aim to build business and enterprise management skills as part of the whole-farm business plan.
  • Invest time and financial resources in regular market reports.
  • Attend information field days, seminars and courses.
  • Identify reliable sources of market information that suit the nature and structure of the sheepmeat enterprise and farming business.

Market information

Having decided on a target market, it is important to be aware of how prices move within that market (price risk) and how the relationship between that market and others changes over time (product risk).

There are many sources of market information, including MLA market reporting, rural newspapers, radio, independent market reports, livestock agents, processors, electronic markets, financial institutions and other producers. Producers need to filter the huge amount of information available by asking two basic questions:

  1. Is it reliable?
  2. Is it relevant to my business?

Over time, the importance of various pieces of market information to an individual business will become apparent.


Sheep and lamb prices exhibit a strong, consistent seasonal pattern that is relatively uniform across Australia. Prices are stronger during winter and weaker during late spring and summer and somewhere in the middle during the autumn. The seasonal lamb price curve is driven largely by lamb supply, with lamb demand remaining relatively steady by comparison. However, variation will occur as a result of local national and international influences. It is important sheep and lamb producers understand both general and local seasonality to ensure they have a reasonable idea of where price might be headed at the time of sale.

Relationship with the market indicator

Knowing whether their lambs generally trade at a premium or a discount to the market indicator at certain times of the year can help producers know whether the price they are being offered is a reasonable price and can help them predict forward sale prices. Apart from allowing sellers and buyers to ascertain a fair value for individual lines of sheep and lambs, having a sound knowledge of price relationships (called basis) in markets can help identify broad categories of stock that are relatively underpriced or overpriced.

Managing price risk

Price risks can be mitigated by using risk management tools, such as forward contracts, to secure aspects of the trade in advance. If forward contracts for sheep or lambs are unavailable, there are other strategies which will successfully decrease the price and seasonal risk.

Spreading the buying and selling over a set period will not only average purchase and sales prices over the buying and selling seasons, it will allow better management of unexpected seasonal events.

Undertake training

Encourage producers to adopt a continuous learning approach to develop lamb and sheepmeat production and marketing skills by undertaking accredited training courses, such as those provided by MLA or other reputable providers.