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Visual indicators of soil condition

Item 15 of 17
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Indicator 12 – soil disturbance

What do you see and when?

  • Soil disturbance with lots of soil crumbs on the surface
  • Best seen in moist soil in winter and spring

What could this indicate?

Pictured: blackheaded cockchafer mounded tunnels
  • Earthworms
  • The disturbed soil is excreted waste called casts. Avoid confusion with blackheaded cockchafer which form mounded tunnels (pictured).

What test can I do to confirm?

Pictured: Earthworms in soil clod eating decayed roots and microorganisms.
  • Dig up the soil and check for earthworms.

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