Back to Training package

Visual indicators of soil condition

0% Complete
0/0 Steps

What do you see and when?

  • Soil disturbance with lots of soil crumbs on the surface
  • Best seen in moist soil in winter and spring

What could this indicate?

Pictured: blackheaded cockchafer mounded tunnels
  • Earthworms
  • The disturbed soil is excreted waste called casts. Avoid confusion with blackheaded cockchafer which form mounded tunnels (pictured).

What test can I do to confirm?

Pictured: Earthworms in soil clod eating decayed roots and microorganisms.
  • Dig up the soil and check for earthworms.

Complete the below quiz to continue