A breeding animal = a package of genes
The role of a breeding animal is to pass its genes (which code for traits) onto the next generation. The goal of selective breeding is to produce animals with more desirable traits.
When selecting a breeding animal, it is important to remember:
- A combination of genes is passed from one generation to the next and the traits they code for (desirable or otherwise) may be expressed in the progeny generated in your herd.
- An animal inherits its genes from its parents – 50% from its sire and 50% from its dam
- Ideally, each new generation will be an improvement on the previous
It is difficult to look at an animal and see its genetic potential solely through visual assessment.
In buying a breeding animal, you are buying a package of genes